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- The Constellations Of Spring.

- Hercules (her´-kū-lēz)—the Kneeler.

- Ursa Minor (er´-sa Mi´-nor)—the Little Bear. (face North.)

- Ursa Major (er´sa Mā´-jor)—the Great Bear. (face North.)

- Cetus (sē´-tus)—the Whale. (face Southeast.)

- Corvus (kôr´-vus)—the Crow. (face South.)

- Leo (le´o)—the Lion. (face South.)

- Auriga (â-ri´-ga)—the Charioteer. (face Northwest.)

- The Diagrams.

- Coma Berenices (kō´-ma Ber-e-ni´-sez)—berenice's Hair.

- The Constellations Of Autumn.

- Scorpius (skôr´-pi-us)—the Scorpion. (face South.)

- Andromeda (an-drom´-e-dä)—the Chained Lady.

- Aquarius (a-kwā´ri-us)—the Water Carrier. (face Southwest.)

- Ophiuchus (of-i-ū-kus)—the Serpent Bearer, And Serpens. (face Southwest.)

cassiopeia (kas-i-ō-pē´-ya)—the Lady In The Chair. (face North.)

Location.—A line drawn from δ Ursæ Majoris, through Polaris, strikes α Cassiopeiæ. It is situated the same distance from Polaris as Ursa Major, and about midway between Polaris and the zenith in the Milky Way. Cassiopeia is characterized by a zigzag row of stars which form a rude "W," but in mid-autumn, to an observer facing north, the "W" appears more like an "M," and is almost overhead. Note the spot marked 1572. This is where a very famous temporary star appeared in that year. It was bright enough at one time to be seen in full sunshine. The star η is sixteen light years distant.

Caph is equidistant from the Pole, and exactly opposite the star Megres in Ursa Major; with α Andromedæ and γ Pegasi it marks the equinoctial colure. These stars are known as "The Three Guides."

The chair can be readily traced out; β, α, and γ mark three of the four corners of the back, and δ and ε, one of the front legs. The word "Bagdei," made up of the letters for the principal stars, assists the memory.

The stars γ and β are pointer stars to a fifth-magnitude star the lucida of the asterism Lacerta, the lizard about 15° from β.

Cassiopeia makes an excellent illuminated clock. When β is above Polaris it is noon, when it is in the west at right angles to its first position it is 6 p.m. At midnight it is on the northern horizon, and at 6 p.m. it is due east.

This is sidereal time which agrees with mean time on March 22d, and gains on the latter at the rate of two hours a month.



cepheus (sē´-fūs) (face North.)


the Constellations Of Autumn.

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